Category Archives: Automotive

Clutch Kit: How Does Automatic Transmission Change Gears?

As drivers, we know how the transmission works: we push the clutch in, change the gear and then continue driving normally. Manual transmission also teaches us how to perform clutch control without stalling or rolling on an incline. So how does an automatic car change gears?

There are more parts in this system that makes it a more complicated system. An automatic car has something called a torque converter. For the car to move forward, whether manual or automatic, torque is needed for the initial momentum.

The torque converter is a fluid link where its job is to connect the engine to the transmission and the transmission to the driven wheels (Front Wheel Drive or Rear Wheel Drive).

The engine is connected to the transmission in a bell housing. This is where the torque converter is. The transmission also contains something called planetary gear sets which provide different gear ratios.

The engine’s flex plate is also connected to this torque converter. So the torque converter basically takes the place of a clutch in an automatic car. When the crankshaft rotates it also rotates the converter. This is how the torque converter will disconnect and connect the engine’s power to the load being driven.

The torque converter has main components that make automatic transmission successful. These include:

  • The impeller – connected to the engine which is responsible for driving the turbine using viscous forces on the transmission fluid.
  • The turbine – connected to the transmission input shaft that sends the torque force to the transmission.
  • The stator – which sits between the impeller and the turbine. It lessens churning losses.
  • The lock up clutch.

During the compression of the fluid it returns from the turbine that works against the impeller and its rotating movement that also acts on the engine.The stator redirects the fluid so that the majority of the velocity gets driven towards the impeller which then adds to the torque produced by the motor. It can only rotate in one direction if the impeller and turbine are moving at the same speed. Stators do not apply torque when on a highway, only when coming to a stop or accelerating.

A planetary gear set consists of a sun gear and planet gears which rotate around the central sun gear, like our solar system. A planet carrier gear connects the planet gears with a ring gear that meshes them. The planetary gear set prevents certain components from moving when using clutches and brakes. This alters the input and the output of the system that changes the overall gear ratio.

Depending on which component is fixed it will determine the final gear ratio. If a ring gear is stationery or fixed, the ratio will be shorter than if the sun gear is fixed or stationery.

4 Top Tips: How to Effectively Negotiate a New Car Price

Purchasing a new car can become a fairly complicated process. It means spending hours on researching a suitable car, testing long forgotten math skills to calculate the finance terms and prepping to get the best price out of a car deal. However, the benefits to negotiate a car price are plenty. With a negotiated price, not only do you pay less money but you can also use the money and invest it elsewhere. Learning how to effectively negotiate a new car price is a skill that you can master. Keep the following tips in mind while you set out to negotiate the price of your next car.

1) Do Your Homework

Before turning up at the dealership, make sure you have done enough research regarding the car you wish to purchase. Conducting a good research will assist you in getting a clear picture of the type of car you want, the required features and the approximate budget you can allocate to the car. Many car manufacturers have special prices on their website. You could use the research to your advantage during negotiating the price of the car. If you go into the dealership with an idea of a fixed car and an approximate price, you will be able to dismiss any attempted sales tactics to make you buy an unnecessarily expensive car.

2) Visit Several Dealerships

After conducting a thorough research, try to visit more than one dealership. Amongst all the prices, compare the price of the lowest deal with another dealer and ask if he can beat the previous price. Another reason to visit various dealerships is to get the car with all the features you require. Expanding your reach will enable you to obtain the best price while still retaining all the features of the car you wish to purchase.

3) Negotiate on the Total Amount

Many a times, an illusion of a lower monthly payment clouds your judgment. A low monthly payment is usually spanned out over a long time frame with a heavy interest rate. In order to negotiate the lowest price, make sure you negotiate the final price based on the total amount of the car. Additionally, if you provide a down payment and repay the remaining amount within a short time frame, you will be able to make a better offer to the dealer.

4) Lay a Floor Price and a Ceiling Price

During the process, have a mental range between which you would like to negotiate your car. The floor price is the lowest price at which you should start negotiating. Usually, the floor price is 5 to 10 percent lower than the car manufacturer’s price. Alternatively, a ceiling price is the final price up to which you are willing to pay. If any dealer quotes a price that is higher than your ceiling price, you should shop around and look for other options. Therefore, a floor price and a ceiling price will assist you in cracking your deal and help you purchase the car within your range.

While purchasing a new car may be a long process, negotiating the deal doesn’t have to be. Consider the above pointers before you set out to negotiate the price of your next new car.

Smart Guide To Buying A Car Charger

A USB car charger is essential in today’s multi-device generation junkies. As we move forward to a well-advanced society, having a USB charger in one’s car means being able to charge your devices and use the apps while you drive without worrying about a dead phone afterwards. That said, it is worth noting that each charger is different from another and with incompatibilities existing between phone manufacturers such as Apple and Android, it is necessary to look at these differences when buying a charger.

Using Driving Apps

If you are a frequent user of driving apps, it is important to purchase a dedicated USB charger with fast charging speeds. Although some new vehicles already have USB integrated with the car, some ports only put out 1 amp which is not much considering how many devices you might want to charge during your drive and how long you would be using the driving apps. If your car has the capacity to output 1 amp, then you might need to look for a charger that has at least 2.4 amps capability per port so a double port would have a total of 4.8 amps. This would allow you to charge 2 phones simultaneously at the same time.

Compatibility Issues

Another issue that most people would normally neglect is the compatibility issue between the charger and the device. If you have a single device or multiple devices of the same make or those that run the same OS, then it would be easy to purchase one that is compatible for all of your devices. This can be a problem if you have multiple devices of different makes. Before purchasing a charger, ask the sales person about any known issues with the charger and the warranties that are included in case you have to return it. Some stores also allow in store testing so you would be able to know beforehand if it will work out for you.


Last is the pricing. Being expensive doesn’t mean that it would work for you really well. There are some more affordable chargers that would work powerfully and yet are cheaper than other popular brands. Price also depends on the model. A small one would be expensive if it packs powerful charging capabilities and might well be worth the cost; however it might not be at the same time. If you have a bigger dash area then you might want to consider a bigger one as they tend to be cheaper but could work perfectly as well. Remember to test each one out before purchasing so you will know that you will get value for your money.

Top 5 Tips For Choosing The Most Cost-Effective Car DVD GPS System

To make the driving trek all the more intriguing, casual and agreeable, now numerous car proprietors want to introduce an updated car DVD GPS route in the vehicle. As a rule, a multi-functional car DVD player GPS unit will offer you different sound and video alternatives, as well as some right hand capacities for enhancing driving security.

When you require a DVD GPS route for your time on the road, but don’t want to waste time and money on choosing one, then what should you do? If you happen to read this article, then following suggestions about how to get a reasonable price Car DVD GPS and achieve the most from the deal may do some help to you.

    1. Firstly, find some coupons.
      As you may know, many sellers will give out various coupons to attract customers and promote sales. Sometimes, the more coupons you get, the less money you will pay for your DVD GPS head unit. There are many coupons website, where you can find coupons for various products offered by different sellers. Local newspapers are also available for you to choose. Of course, you can directly get the coupons from local stores. Find some coupons for the DVD GPS you choose, and they would help you save a lot of money.
    1. Choose online shopping.
      Nowadays, shopping online is becoming increasingly popular. There are a plenty of products online available for your choice, and generally, they would be much cheaper than those sold in local stores. Today many online stores are also selling car DVD GPS, such as Amazon, eBay and some professional automotive electronics online shops. They usually provide the discount to help you save more money. What’s better, shopping online allows you do shopping at home, very convenient and time-saving.
    1. Compare the online stores.
      Although there are so many online stores available for your purchase of DVD GPS, you need to select the best one that offers the most cost-effective items. So, spend some time to check some of the sites and compare them carefully before you purchase. It quite deserves for you to do this.
    1. Pay attention to the quality.
      Quality is as important as price. While choosing a cheaper in dash car DVD GPS, you mustn’t ignore the quality problems. Sometimes the cheap product may save your money for the buying moment, but it may not last for a long time. Generally, viewing some user ratings and reviews may help you judge whether it is worth buying.
  1. Features you need.
    The quality and price, another important factor you should consider are the features you need. It’s really no need to choose an auto DVD GPS player that has functions you don’t use a high price. Pick one that has only the features you really need. This can also save you a little money.

In addition, you can also enjoy all the digital files stored on your flash drive or SD card via the USB port and SD slot. Its virtual CDC function makes it possible to store 6 audio disks in the unit while you are listening to music, giving the benefits of extended playing time and more selection. With the PIP function, you can use 2 functions and run two windows at the same time on the DVD screen. For example, you can listen to music or radio while in navigation. What’s more, the unit can be connected with other additional monitors such as the headrest monitor via the 2-zone function, which is really great for rear passengers.

The Rear View Camera: Why You Should Use One With Your Vehicle

For driving safely on the road, it’s very essential for the driver to have full knowledge about the variables existing around the driving environment. A better awareness about such variables will certainly translate into a safer driving experience. However, most vehicle owners hardly care about what’s happening in the environment behind their vehicle, unaware of the genuine risks. In fact, most drivers and government officials perceive that having rear mirrors on the side of the vehicle is sufficient from the angle of road safety. But, the visual limitations of mirrors and the inconvenience in using them mean that drivers can’t rely upon them fully for understanding what’s behind them. In this regard, the rear view camera can indeed be a really useful tool for drivers.

The Rear View Camera

In simple words, a camera mounted on the backside of the vehicle that captures the live footage behind it is a rear view camera. While the internal back view mirrors are mostly used for perceiving what’s happening behind the car, the rear view camera, with its wide field of view offers a more precise and accurate view of what’s happening behind the vehicle without the driver needing to watch several mirrors at once. This, in effect, also ensures that the driver can easily perceive all the happenings behind the vehicle from just a single screen. From overtaking vehicles to lane awareness, a lot can be perceived much better by the driver because of the footage that he/she can watch live because of this camera.

Features that make driving safer

A camera can offer several convenient features that simply can’t be imagined with just the mirror. From a wider field of view, with most models easily offering 120 degrees of view, to night vision capabilities, the modern rear view camera provides several features that can offer much more convenience to drivers, compared to mirrors. The need to watch multiple mirrors by bending the head and the possibility of a lapse of attention at the front can also be avoided with the use of the rear view camera. In fact, some models can be easily used with recording devices, enabling the drivers to save recorded footages for anything they want, ranging from making home footage to proof for claiming insurance.

Why should all cars be using them?

More often this camera is provided as an extra option by vehicle manufacturers. However, judging by the multitude of features that’s provided by the rear view camera, it will be fair to say that it’s a feature that deserves to be compulsory in all modern vehicles. In fact, most modern and high end models of car manufacturers already pre-install them with their new cars. From properly perceiving the environment around the road to being aware about activities at the back of the vehicle, a rear view camera can indeed serve as an important safety addition to the driver.

Top 5 Accessories Your Teens Must Have for Their Used Cars

Used cars are ideal for teen drivers who are still learning how to navigate the roads safely. They offer lower insurance rates and are extremely affordable no matter your budget. After the automobile has been purchased, a young adult will want to add his or her own personal touches to make the car more unique. This can be done with a variety of accessories.

Wheel and Seat Covers

There is no shortage of wheel and seat covers on the market, and some companies will even customize them if requested. Teens can go with an ancient Aztec pattern if they have a love of history, or select a tie-dye pattern to reveal their creative side. There are animal prints for young drivers who have a favorite living creature, pink floral prints, and Mickey Mouse patterns for Disney fans.

Rear View Mirror Hangs

Most people think of a pair of fuzzy dice when they picture a rear view mirror, but there are plenty of other stylish pieces new drivers can order to spruce up their used cars. Dream catchers are colorful with their dangling feathers, while a monogram mirror hang personalizes the space with a person’s initials. How about a charm with a cute saying or an air freshener in the shape of a cartoon character?

Vent Clips

There’s a new kind of air freshener on the market that any teen can take advantage of to add a little character to their ride. They are called vent clips, and one can find them in the shape of characters (think Snoopy or Woodstock), in the shape of an animal (say, a bunny or a cat), or even shaped like a small replica of their favorite coffee drink. If your young driver is looking for functionality, they should consider vent clips that serve as cell phone holders.

Trash Bag

Teens are always on the go, often traveling between work, school, and home. That means that their used cars often serve as a home-on-the-road, collecting trash like fast food wrappers, gum, and empty bottles of hand sanitizer. If that sounds familiar, surprise them with a decorative trash bag that is made specifically for use in a vehicle. Cheetah prints, paisley patterns, and attractive butterflies are quite popular.

Decals and Bumper Stickers

Once the inside of the car has been made over, it’s time to move to the outside. Decals and bumper stickers are perfect for this, and there is no shortage of styles, sayings, and images to choose from.

Allowing teens to decorate their used cars is a great way to encourage healthy self-expression. Additional accessories to consider include monogram floor mats, license plate frames, and seat belt covers.

6 Reasons More Companies Are Using a Safety Monitor for Vehicles

Technology inside vehicles continues to progress at a rapid rate. Companies are now incorporating additional technology for a variety of reasons including safety and accountability of drivers. This is typically accomplished by adding a monitor for vehicles. This allows both the driver and third parties to view how well someone is driving. To implement this program across an entire company is a significant undertaking. Fortunately, the number of reasons to use a safety for vehicles continues to grow.

The first reason more companies are using a safety monitor for vehicles is it reduces motor vehicle crash rates. There’ve been several studies showing a reduction in the overall motor vehicle crash rate of up to 93% among companies who use both a safety monitor and implemented a vehicle safety program. Even studies with lower results still report nearly a 50% reduction in accidents per year.

The second safety benefit for implementing a monitor for vehicles is it reduces speeding. When drivers know, someone is potentially watching they tend to drive more cautiously. Some studies note a 60% reduction in speeding which is valuable because for every one mile-per-hour decrease in speed the corresponding crash frequency reduces by nearly 5%.

The third increased safety belt use is another reason for adding an additional layer of security. A safety monitor for vehicles not only increases safety values but also reduces other at risk driver behavior such as following too closely and distracted driving.

The fourth an unintended benefit discovered by several companies is a reduction in fuel costs and improved public perception. Some companies have reported a significant reduction in miles driven as well as reduced idling time. Plus, a reduction of complaints of company drivers by residents has been associated with the use of a safety monitor for vehicles as well.

The fifth a financial benefit of implementing a monitor for vehicles within the company is reduced maintenance costs. In combination, the reduced mileage and idling time along with less aggressive driving styles has significantly reduce the frequency and extent of maintenance and repairs to vehicles. The reduction in crashes also reduces maintenance needs as well.

The final benefit of using a safety monitor for vehicles is it allows companies to identify additional cost saving opportunities. For example, some companies use it as a tool to provide regulatory agencies with verifiable proof of compliance and it allows easy documentation for off-road mileage which can be used to apply for off-road fuel tax credits.

Depending upon the type of company there are a variety of additional benefits to using a safety monitor for vehicles as well. Regardless of the company type, the six most common benefits continue to be a reduction in vehicle crash rates, reduction in speeding, increase safety belt use, reduced fuel costs, reduced maintenance costs, and an enhanced ability to identify additional cost saving opportunities.

What Are the Differences Between Racing Wheels and Luxury Wheels?

The craze when it comes to cars is to enhance the appearance of your car by adding amazing wheels. Most people get the first one they find attractive but a racing wheel and a luxury wheel each has a different purpose.

Between the two different types of wheels, the feature that both could have in common is the bolt pattern as well as a similarity in the material because of standard rules. Wheels come in various sizes to fit exactly what the standard size of your PCD is. This makes it easier to have uniformity for customers.

Luxury wheels are for the sole purpose of beautifying your car. You will find that most of the standard wheels have specific patterns with the spokes or have a feature that enhances the appearance.

You will often find that your racing or performance wheels have a smaller profile or sidewall. When the profile of the tyre is smaller it usually means that it was meant for fast cars. The tyre is also wider for better balance when driving at high speeds. The wheel has to fit exactly in this space.

The racing wheels can certainly handle more pressure than the luxury version. Pressure is caused by the speed you are travelling at and the heat caused by that speed. These types of wheels also have to be lighter than the regular steel or metal alloy. The alloy would likely consist of more aluminium that the norm.

Luxury wheels can differ in size and are made for most cars whether it’s an SUV or a sedan. The glamorousness can be compromised without too much being removed from its value. The only downside to luxury wheels is that they can’t handle exceptionally high speeds.

Luxury wheels are also narrower than racing wheels because their only purpose is to look good and support the tyre of your luxurious car.

Make sure that when you purchase a wheel you know what specifications you need. The profile or rolling circumference is important to know as you need the diameter of the face to fit perfectly with the tyre. You need to know the bolt pattern or PCD so that you can fit the wheel to the bearing. Most importantly you need the width of your tyre for obvious fitting reasons.

Your wheel supplier should easily tell you what type of wheels you need installed on your car. The tyre often has it labelled on the sidewall for the driver’s convenience. Always be certain that you know what you want and don’t substitute with the incorrect option. This may damage your tyres and wheels.

How to Get a Personalized Licence Plate

Unlike the regular licence plates that you can get for a fee, personalized licence plates are custom-made plates that are made-to-order. On these plates, you can have your desired characters printed. Another term that is commonly used for these plates is vanity plates. You can choose to have your nickname, your hobby or your message on the custom plate. At times, people choose a unique message to be printed on the plate. Let’s know more about the subject.

The Vehicle Type

Now, you might be wondering if you can put a vanity plate on your vehicle. Well, not all types of vehicles qualify for the service. According to law, you are not authorized to use a customized plate for your vehicle if the vehicle is a big truck, for instance. The law only allows a certain types of vehicles for the service. However, if you have any of the following types of vehicle, you can order a vanity plate today.

· Light trucks

· Motorcycles

· Motor homes

· Vans

· Most types of passenger cars

The Procedure to Get a Personalized Plate

Well, the process is not as complicated as it may seem. If you are interested in buying a vanity licence plate, you can do so by following the steps given below.

First of all, you need to decide on a message, character or name that you want on the licence plate. It can be a slogan or personal message. Make sure you don’t use something that may be against the law. Also, you can’t use something that may hurt someone’s feelings. The message or slogan shouldn’t be against a person. It shouldn’t disturb the peace in any way.

Once you have come up with a slogan or message, your next step is to write an application for the licence plate. You can get a form from your local Autoplan broker. Getting a form won’t be a difficult task.

Once you have filled in the application form, you can take it back to the broker. They will ask you for a fee, which you should pay. Usually, it’s around $100, which is not a big deal.

Application rules

In order for your application to be accepted, you should keep some application rules in mind. Here are some of the important rules:

· If you have a vehicle, make sure it is registered in your name. In other words, you should be the registered owner of your car or motorcycle.

· If the vehicle has multiple owners, make sure each owner signs the application.

· You have to have an existing licence plate. Besides, you must have insurance and the driver’s licence.

· For the message, you can use 2 to 6 numbers and letters. However, you can’t use numbers only. Apart from this, if your chosen slogan is already taken, you can’t use it.

· You are allowed to have a hyphen or blank space, but you can use only 7 character spaces. For motorcycles, the limit is 6 character spaces.

So, these are a few tips for you to apply for a vanity licence plate for your vehicle.

All You Need To Know About Car Paint Protection – Unlock The World Of Car Maintenance

Your attitude and pride for your car or bike boosts radically especially when your ride is your passion. Keeping it spic and span is tough when many factors like environmental fallouts, chemicals, sunlight, water, dirt, and grime are bound to dim the sheen. However, car paint protection is easy and manageable when you count on nano ceramic coating. Products like Nasiol ZR53 are a perfect example of real-time deployment of coating for your car. In fact, it is a favorite product of any DIY-minded car lover as applying this coating on your car on your own is possible.

What Is Nano Ceramic Coating?

Nano ceramic coating is suitable for protecting painted motorcycle and car surfaces. It is a very thin coating of 700 to 1000nm and is soft from inside and very hard from outside. It is available in liquid form and is applied using supplied applicator. Usually, it requires a curing period of 48 hours to deliver unrivaled shine for the next three years. The nano-particles of the car paint protection liquid prevent sheen abuse due to natural, external, or chemical factors. In addition, this coating is appropriate for new as well as used cars and motorcycles.

Nano Ceramic Coating Benefits – More Than You Expect Ever
Nano ceramic coating like Nasiol ZR53 is suitable for applying on surfaces like car body paint, plastic trims, or bumpers for that matter. Applying the coating is easy too with its one-step application. Some prominent advantages of applying the coating for car paint protection are

Superior Application – One application of coating serves up to three years offering the ultimate shine and fullest returns on the money spent. Surface of the car always look clean and glossy just as it was when you bought the car.
Resistant to Environmental Fallouts – Environmental fallouts or simply speaking bird poop is known to cause damage to car paint. Nevertheless, not anymore, coating like Nasiol ZR53 protects the paint from these damages.

Resistant to Chemicals – Nano ceramic coating is highly resistant to chemicals including the humid and salty climate at seashores. Well, one application of this car paint protection coating has a lot to offer and peace of mind for coming three years too.

Resistant to UV Rays – Car protection coating like Nasiol ZR53 is fully UV resistant and works the same way a sun control cream with good SPF content works for you. Well, you need to apply it daily on your face but only one application of nano ceramic coating lasts for years to come.

Resistant to Water – Water, dirt, and grime are known enemies of the paint surface. However, nano ceramic coating is highly water resistant and does not permit adherence of dirt and grime on the surface. In addition, it requires very less efforts to clean and your car looks fresh forever as it looks after arriving out of a car wash. High gloss finish makes it a noticeable and worth envy ride.

Products like Nasiol ZR53 are designed with the due consideration of end user needs and they perform up to the mark every time you use them. Car paint protection is not a tough task anymore especially when nano ceramic coating like Nasiol ZR53 is ready at hand. Make sure you enjoy the most from benefits like scratch resistance, stain free application, salt water durability, easy cleaning, hologram masking, temperature durability, repellency of water and oil, and pre-packed ready to apply kit of Nasiol ZR53.